Robert,  Duke de Normandie I

Robert, Duke de Normandie I

Male Abt 1003 - 1035  (~ 32 years)

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  • Name Robert, I 
    Title Duke de Normandie 
    Born Abt 1003  Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Name The Magnificent 
    Died 22 Jul 1035  Nicea, Bithynia, Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Nicea, Bithynia, Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I7043  Sullivan Burgess Family Tree | Ancestors of President Fillmore
    Last Modified 1 Jan 2017 

    Father Richard ll de Normandie,   b. Abt 963, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Aug 1027, Fbecamp, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 64 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother de Bretagne, Judith,   b. 982, Bretagne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Jun 1017, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 35 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married Abt 1000  Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F2601  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 de Normandie, Estrid,   b. Abt 1001, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 1 Jan 2017 
    Family ID F2598  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 de Falaise, Harlette,   b. Abt 1003, Falaise, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1023 
    Children 
    +1. de Normandie, William I,   b. 14 Oct 1024, Falaise, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 09 Sep 1087, Hermenbraville, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)  [natural]
     2. de Normandie, Adbelahide,   b. Abt 1027, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1090  (Age ~ 62 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 1 Jan 2017 
    Family ID F2599  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1003 - Normandie, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 22 Jul 1035 - Nicea, Bithynia, Turkey Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Nicea, Bithynia, Turkey Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Robert I The Magnificent
    Robert I The Magnificent

  • Notes 
    • He was the son of Richard ll of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I, Duke of Brittany. He was also grandson of Richard I of Normandy, great-grandson of William I of Normandy and great-great grandson of Rollo, the Viking who founded Normandy. Before he died, Richard ll had decided his elder son Richard lll would succeed him while his second son Robert would become Count of Hiémois. In August 1026 their Father, Richard ll, died and Richard lll became duke, but very soon afterwards Robert rebelled against his brother, was subsequently defeated and forced to swear fealty to his older brother Richard.

      Early reign

      When Richard lll died a year later, there were suspicions that Robert had something to do with his death. Although nothing could be proved, Robert had the most to gain. The civil war Robert I had brought against his brother Richard lll was still causing instability in the duchy. Private wars raged between neighbouring barons. This resulted in a new aristocracy arising in Normandy during Robert’s reign. It was also during this time that many of the lesser nobility left Normandy to seek their fortunes in southern Italy and elsewhere. Soon after assuming the dukedom, possibly in revenge for supporting his brother against him, Robert I assembled an army against his uncle, Robert, Archbishop of Rouen and Count of Évreux. A temporary truce allowed his uncle to leave Normandy in exile but this resulted in an edict excommunicating all of Normandy, which was only lifted when Archbishop Robert was allowed to return and his countship was restored. Robert also attacked another powerful churchman, his cousin Hugo lll d'Ivry, Bishop of Bayeux, banishing him from Normandy for an extended period of time. Robert also seized a number of Church properties belonging to the Abbey of Fecamp.

      Outside of Normandy

      Despite his domestic troubles Robert decided to intervene in the civil war in Flanders between Baldwin V, Count of Flandre and his Father Baldwin IV whom the younger Baldwin had driven out of Flandre. Baldwin V, supported by King Robert ll of France, his Father-in-law, was persuaded to make peace with his Father in 1030 when Duke Robert promised the elder Baldwin his considerable military support. Robert gave shelter to Henry I of France against his mother, Queen Constance, who favored her younger son Robert to succeed to the French throne after his Father Robert ll. For his help Henry I rewarded Robert with the French Vexin. In the early 1030s Alan lll, Duke of Brittany began expanding his influence from the area of Rennes and appeared to have designs on the area surrounding Mont Saint-Michel After sacking Dol and repelling Alan's attempts to raid Avranches, Robert mounted a major campaign against his cousin Alan lll. However, Alan appealed to their uncle, Archbishop Robert of Rouen, who then brokered a peace between Duke Robert and his vassal Alan lll. His cousins, the Athelings Edward and Alfred, sons of his aunt Emma of Normandy and Athelred, King of England had been living at the Norman Court and at one point Robert, on their behalf, attempted to mount an invasion of England but was prevented in doing so, it was said, by unfavorable winds, that scattered and sank much of the fleet. Robert made a safe landing in Guernsey. Gesta Normannorum Ducum stated that King Cnut sent envoys to Duke Robert offering to settle half the Kingdom of England on Edward and Alfred. After postponing the naval invasion he chose to also postpone the decision until after he returned from Jerusalem.

      The Church and his pilgrimage

      Robert's attitude towards the Church had changed noticeably certainly since his reinstating his uncle's position as Archbishop of Rouen. In his attempt to reconcile his differences with the Church he restored property that he or his vassals had confiscated, and by 1034 had returned all the properties he had earlier taken from the abbey of Fecamp.

      After making his illegitimate son William his heir, he set out on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. According to the Gesta Normannorum Ducum he travelled by way of Constantinople, reached Jerusalem, fell seriously ill and died[b] on the return journey at Nicaea on 2 July 1035. His son William, aged about eight, succeeded him.

      According to the historian William of Malmesbury, decades later his son William sent a mission to Constantinople and Nicaea, charging it with bringing his Father's body back to Normandy for burial. Permission was granted, but, having travelled as far as Apulia (Italy) on the return journey, the envoys learned that William himself had meanwhile died. They then decided to re-inter Robert's body in Italy