de Normandie, King of England Henry I

Male 1068 - 1135  (67 years)


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  • Name de Normandie, Henry 
    Title King of England 
    Suffix
    Born 1068  Selby, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Baptism 05 Aug 1100  Selby, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Find A Grave Memorial 1949 
    Name Beauclerc 
    Died 01 Dec 1135  St Denis, Cher, Centre, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 04 Jan 1136  Reading, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Reading Abbey (Ruins)
    Person ID I6534  Sullivan Burgess Family Tree | Ancestors of President Cleveland, Ancestors of President Fillmore, Ancestors of President Hayes, William The Conqueror Descendent
    Last Modified 1 Jan 2017 

    Father de Normandie, William I,   b. 14 Oct 1024, Falaise, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 09 Sep 1087, Hermenbraville, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother de Flandre, Matilda,   b. 1031, Flandre, Somme, Picardie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 02 Nov 1083, Caen, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 1050  Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F2418  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1068 - Selby, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBaptism - 05 Aug 1100 - Selby, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 01 Dec 1135 - St Denis, Cher, Centre, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 04 Jan 1136 - Reading, Berkshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Henry I (c. 1068 - December 1, 1135), called Henry Beauclerk because of his scholarly interests, was the youngest son of William the Conqueror and reigned as King of England from 1100 to 1135, succeeding his brother, William ll Rufus. He was also known by the nickname "Lion of Justice". His reign is noted for his limitations on the power of the crown, his improvements in the machinery of government, his reuniting of the dominions of his Father, and his controversial decision to name his daughter as his heir.

      Henry was born between May 1068 and May 1069, probably in Selby, Yorkshire in England. As the youngest son of the family, he was most likely expected to become a bishop and was given extensive schooling for a young nobleman of that time period. He was probably the first Norman ruler to be fluent in English.

      His Father William, upon his death in 1087, bequeathed his dominions to his sons in the following manner:

      Robert received the Duchy of Normandie
      William received the Kingdom of England
      Henry received 5000 pounds of silver
      It is reported by Dr. E. Ross Laughlin that he prophecied that Henry would eventually get everything his Father had (Cross, 1917).
      The two older brothers made an agreement that if either died without an heir, the two dominions of their Father would be reunited under the surviving brother. When William died in 1100, however, Robert was returning from the First Crusade. His absence, along with his poor reputation among the Norman nobles, allowed Henry to seize the keys of the royal hoard at Winchester. He was accepted as King by the leading barons and was crowned three days later on August 5 at Westminster. He immediately secured his position among the nobles by issuing the Charter of Liberties, which is considered a forerunner of the Magna Carta.

      On November 11, 1100 Henry married Edith, daughter of King Malcolm lll of Scotland. Since Edith was also the niece of Edgar Atheling, the marriage united the Norman line with old English line of kings. The marriage greatly displeased the Norman barons, however, and as a Concession to their sensibilities, Edith changed her named to Matilda upon becoming quee

      The following year in 1101, Robert attempted to seize back the crown by an invading England. In the Treaty of Alton, Robert agreed to recognize Henry as King of England and return peacefully to Normandie.

      In 1105, to eliminate the continuing threat from Robert, Henry lead an expeditionary force across the English Channel. In 1106, he decisively defeated his brother's Norman army at Tinchebray. He imprisoned his brother and appropriated the Duchy of Normandie as a posession of England, thus reuniting his Father's dominions.

      As King, Henry carried out social and judicial reforms, including:

      issuing the Charter of Liberties
      restoring laws of King Edward the Confessor.

      He had four children by Matilda before her death in 1118. On January 29, 1121, he married Adeliza, daughter of Godfrey, Count of Louvain, but there were no children from this marriage. He also holds the record for the largest number of acknowledged illegitimate children born to any English King, with a provisional total of twenty-five. However, neither of his legitimate sons, both by his first Wife, survived him; both died in the wreck of the White Ship, on November 25, 1120, off the coast of Normandie. One of these sons, Richard, remains extremely obscure and may not have existed at all. The other, William, definitely existed and his death proved a disaster for England.

      Left without male heirs, Henry took the unprecented step of making his barons swear to accept his daughter Matilda, widow of Henry V, The Holy Roman Empire Emperor, as his heir.

      Henry died of food poisoning from eating foul lampreys in December, 1135, at St Denis le Fermont in Normandie and was buried at Reading Abbey.

      Although Henry's barons had sworn allegiance to his daughter Matilda as their queen, Matilda's sex and her remarriage to the House of Anjou, an enemy of the Normans, allowed Henry's nephew Stephen of Boulogne to come to England and claim the throne with popular support.

      The struggle between Matilda and Stephen resulted in a long civil war known as the the Anarchy. The dispute was eventually settled by Stephen's naming of Matilda's son, Henry, as his heir in 1153.