de Normandie, Prince of England Robert ll

Male Abt 1053 - 1134  (~ 81 years)


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  • Name de Normandie, Robert 
    Title Prince of England 
    Suffix ll 
    Born Abt 1053  Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Find A Grave Memorial 10215 
    Name Duke de Normandie 
    Died 10 Feb 1134  Cardiff, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Gloucester Cathedral
    Person ID I6525  Sullivan Burgess Family Tree | Ancestors of President Cleveland, Ancestors of President Fillmore, Ancestors of President Hayes, William The Conqueror Descendent
    Last Modified 1 Jan 2017 

    Father de Normandie, William I,   b. 14 Oct 1024, Falaise, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 09 Sep 1087, Hermenbraville, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother de Flandre, Matilda,   b. 1031, Flandre, Somme, Picardie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 02 Nov 1083, Caen, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 1050  Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F2418  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1053 - Normandie, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 10 Feb 1134 - Cardiff, Wales Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Gloucestershire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Headstones
    de Normandie. Robert ll Grave Stone
    de Normandie. Robert ll Grave Stone

  • Notes 
    • Robert, Duke de Normandie (called Curthose for his short squat appearance) (c. 1054-1134), the eldest son of William the Conqueror, unsucessful claimant to the throne of England, and participant in the the First Crusade. His reign as Duke is noted for the discord with his brothers in England, eventually leading to the absorption of Normandie as a possession of England.
      In his youth, he was reported courageous and skillful in military exercises. He was, however, also prone to a laziness and weakness of character that discontented nobles and the King of France exploited to stir discord with his Father William.

      In 1077, he instigated his first insurrection against his Father as the result of a prank played by his younger brothers William Rufus and Henry, who had poured water through the floor into Robert's chambers. As a result of the insult, Robert attempted to seize the castle of Rouen and afterwards spent several years wandering in aimless fighting before being reconciled with his Father.

      In 1087, he Father died, having divided the Norman dominions between his two eldest sons. To Robert, he granted the Duchy of Normandie and to William Rufus he granted the Kingdom of England. Of the two sons, Robert was considered to be much the weaker and was generally preferred by the nobles who held lands on both sides of the English Channel, since they could more easily circumvent his authority. At the time of their Father's death, the two brothers made an agreement to be each other's heir.

      Robert married Sybil, daughter of Geoffrey of Brindisi, Count of Conversano (and a grandniece of Robert Guiscard) and had one son, William Clito, heir to the Duchy of Normandie.

      Robert took as his close advisor Ranulf Flambard, who had been previously a close advisor to this Father.

      In 1096, Robert left for the Holy Land on the First Crusade. At the time of his departure he was reportedly so poor that he often had to stay in bed for lack of clothes. In order to raise money for the crusade, he mortaged his duchy to his brother William for the sum of 10, 000 marks.

      In 1100, during Robert's absence, William Rufus died, allowing their younger brother Henry to seize the crown of England with popular support. Upon his return, Robert, urged by Flambard, lead an invasion of England to retake the crown from his brother Henry.

      In 1101, Robert landed at Portsmouth with his army, but his lack of popular support among the English allowed Henry resist the invasion. Robert was forced by diplomacy to renounce his claim to the English throne in the Treaty of Alton.

      In 1105, however, Robert's continually stirring of discord with his brother in England prompted Henry to invade Normandie.

      In 1106, Henry defeated Robert's army decisively at the Battle of Tinchebray and claimed Normandie as a possession of the English crown, a situation that endured for over a century. Captured after the battle, Robert was imprisoned for the rest of his life.

      In 1134, he died while imprisoned in Cardiff Castle.

      His is buried in the abbey Church of St Peter in Gloucester, where an elaborate sepulchre was later built.