Cleveland,  22nd and 24th President of the USA Stephen Grover

Cleveland, 22nd and 24th President of the USA Stephen Grover

Male 1837 - 1908  (71 years)

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  • Name Cleveland, Stephen Grover  [1, 2, 3
    Title 22nd and 24th President of the USA 
    Born 18 Mar 1837  Caldwell, Essex, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Find A Grave Memorial 205 
    Occupation USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    22nd and 24th President of the USA 
    Religion Presbyterian 
    Residence 1900  Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Died 24 Jun 1908  Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Buried Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    • Princeton Cemetery
    Person ID I23993  Sullivan Burgess Family Tree | Charlemagne I Descendant, Ancestors of President Cleveland, The Hyde History, William The Conqueror Descendent
    Last Modified 15 Sep 2018 

    Father Cleveland, Richard Falley,   b. 19 Jun 1804, Norwich, New London, Connecticut, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Oct 1853, Holland Patent, Oneida, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Neal, Anne,   b. 4 Feb 1806, Baltimore, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jul 1882, Holland Patent, Oneida, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years) 
    Relationship unknown 
    Married 10 Sep 1829  Baltimore, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Family ID F2731  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Folson, Frances Clara,   b. 21 Jul 1864, Buffalo, Erie, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Oct 1947, Baltimore, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Married 2 Jun 1886  Washington, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Cleveland, Ruth,   b. 3 Oct 1891, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jan 1904, Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 12 years)  [natural]
    +2. Cleveland, Esther,   b. 9 Sep 1893, Washington, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jun 1980, Tamworth, Carroll, New Hampshire, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years)  [natural]
    +3. Cleveland, Marion,   b. 7 Jul 1895, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Jun 1977, New York, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)  [natural]
    +4. Cleveland, Richard Folsom,   b. 28 Oct 1897, Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Jan 1974, Baltimore, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)  [natural]
     5. Cleveland, Frances Grover,   b. 18 Jul 1903, Buzzards Bay, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1995, Wolfeboro, Carroll, New Hampshire, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 92 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 15 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F2756  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 18 Mar 1837 - Caldwell, Essex, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - 22nd and 24th President of the USA - - USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 2 Jun 1886 - Washington, District of Columbia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1900 - Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 24 Jun 1908 - Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Princeton, Mercer, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Cleveland, Stephen Grover
    Cleveland, Stephen Grover
    Cleveland, Gover Grave
    Cleveland, Gover Grave
    Cleveland, Stephen Grover 24th President of the USA
    Cleveland, Stephen Grover 24th President of the USA
    President of the United States of America
    President of the United States of America
    Cleveland, Stephen Grover 1000 Dollar Bills
    Cleveland, Stephen Grover 1000 Dollar Bills
    Cleveland, Gover and Frances Folsom Wedding
    Cleveland, Gover and Frances Folsom Wedding
    Cleveland, Grover and wife
    Cleveland, Grover and wife
    Cleveland, Grover
    Cleveland, Grover
    Seal Of The President Of The Unites States Of America
    Seal Of The President Of The Unites States Of America

    Cleveland, Grover 1900
    Cleveland, Grover 1900

    Cleveland, Gover Grave
    Cleveland, Gover Grave

    Family Crest
    Cleveland Family Crest
    Cleveland Family Crest
    This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a regional name from a district in North Yorkshire around Middlebrough. The derivation of Cleveland, which first appears circa 1110 in the Yorkshire Charters as "Clivelanda", is from the Olde English pre 7th Century "clif", cliff or hill, with "land", land; thus, "a hilly district". During the Middle Ages, when it became more usual for people to migrate from their birthplace, they would often adopt the placename as a means of identification, thus resulting in a wide dispersal of the name. In the case of regional names they tended to be acquired when someone travelled a considerable distance from his original home, where a specific locational name would be meaningless to his new neighbours. Early recordings from Yorkshire Church Registers include: the christening of Christiane Cleveland on May 16th 1574, at Filey, and the christening of Ann Cleveland on August 10th 1599, at Normanton. A Coat of Arms granted to a family of the name is described thus: "Per chevron black and ermine a chevron engrailed counterchanged, the Crest being a demi old man proper habited blue having on a cap red turned up with a hair front, holding in the dexter hand a spear headed silver on the top of which is fixed a line proper passing behind him, and coiled up in the sinister hand. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Cleveland, which was dated April 20th 1572, recorded at Filey, Yorkshire, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1, known as "Good Queen Bess", 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
    Cleveland Family Crest
    Cleveland Family Crest

  • Notes 
    • Life Before the Presidency

      In his youth, no one would have thought it likely that Stephen Grover Cleveland would become president of the USA. He was born in Caldwell, New Jersey, USA, on March 18, 1837, the fifth child of seven. His Father, the Reverend Richard Cleveland, was a nearly impoverished, Yale-educated Presbyterian minister. He spent his boyhood in the central New York, USA towns of Fayetteville and Clinton, where his Father ministered until his death when Grover was sixteen. After his Father's death, Cleveland bounced around for a few years, working with his older brother in New York, USA City and finally as a clerk and part-time law student in Buffalo. He was admitted to the bar in 1858 at age twenty-two. He soon earned the reputation of being a hard-working lawyer who was endowed with an excellent memory. In fact, during the Civil War, Cleveland served as assistant district attorney for Erie. Indeed, the young lawyer usually presented his arguments from memory before judge and jury. As president, he would deliver his first inaugural address without notes-something that no president had ever done before.

      By 1881, he had a savings account of $75, 000 and was known to his friends as "Big Steve" because of his weight and girth-over 250 pounds. Cleveland had always identified with the Democratic Party, and he had avoided service in the Civil War by hiring a substitute for $300 when he was drafted. In later years, his enemies would castigate him as a "slacker" for having evaded the draft. In the years before he entered politics, Cleveland was known around town as a frequenter of restaurant-saloons, a popular gent who loved to hunt and fish with his male companions, and good man to have as a friend. Thoroughly provincial, he never traveled, seldom read fiction or poetry, infrequently listened to music, and exhibited little interest in high culture of any sort. He enjoyed poker parties, Democratic organizational work, drinking with his buddies, and other simple pleasures.

      Crafting a Political Image

      After Cleveland had served two terms as the sheriff of Erie in 1870, he avoided politics. Thus, he was surprised when the Buffalo City Democratic Committee tapped him to run for mayor in 1881. As a new man among old faces, Cleveland pulled off an upset victory. In one year, Mayor Cleveland exposed graft and corruption in the city's municipal services (street cleaning, sewage, and transportation), vetoed dozens of pork-barrel appropriations, and set a pace for hard work and efficiency that impressed state leaders in the Democratic Party. Seeing the advantages of running a fresh-faced urban reformer, the Democratic Party handed Cleveland the nomination for governor on a third ballot.

      The image worked, and Cleveland (now referred to affectionately by some friends and relatives as "Uncle Jumbo") carried his 280 pounds into the governor's mansion. As governor (1882-4), Cleveland used the same tactic that had worked in Buffalo. He vetoed what he perceived as extravagant and special privilege legislation, such as progressive legislation that would have held down transit fares and regulated the working hour's of transit workers, demonstrating a conservative streak and unfeeling attitude toward workers. Cleveland also took on the New York, USA City-based and substantially corrupt Tammany Hall (a political machine that had supported him in the election), and worked harder and longer hours than anyone else in state government. His strategy worked again. Within a year, he was being touted around the nation as a new face, a political outsider and pragmatic reformer with whom the Democrats might win the presidency in 1884.

      A Life in Brief

      Stephen Grover Cleveland fell into politics without really trying. After serving two terms as the sheriff of Erie in his home state of New York, USA, young lawyer Cleveland was asked by local businessmen to run for mayor of Buffalo in 1881. He agreed and won the Democratic nomination and the election. As mayor, Cleveland exposed city corruption and earned such a reputation for hard work and efficiency that he won the election for governor of New York, USA. A big man of 280 pounds, Cleveland, was affectionately nicknamed "Big Steve" and even "Uncle Jumbo. " Governor Cleveland used his power to take on the New York, USA City-based political machinery known as Tammany Hall, even though this group had supported him in the election. Within a year, Cleveland was seen as an important new face, a political outsider and pragmatic reformer with whom the Democrats might win the presidency in 1884.

      Three Campaigns for President

      In the election of 1884, Cleveland appealed to middle class voters of both parties as someone who would fight political corruption and big-money interests. Cleveland had the popularity to carry New York, USA, a state crucial to Democratic victory. Luckily, Cleveland's Republican opponent, James G. Blaine, was seen by many as a puppet of Wall Street and the powerful railroads. The morally upright Mugwumps, a group of reform-minded businessmen and professionals, hated Blaine, but supported Cleveland for his attempts to battle railroad giant, Jay Gould. But Cleveland had a sex-scandal to live down. Maria Helpin accused Cleveland of Fathering her son out of wedlock, a charge that he admitted might be accurate, since he had had an affair with Helpin in 1874. By honestly confronting the charges, Cleveland retained the loyalty of his supporters, winning the election by the narrowest of margins.

      In 1888, when Cleveland ran for reelection, the Republicans spent lavish funds to insure victory for their candidate, Benjamin Harrison, raising three million dollars from the nation's manufacturers. This marked the beginning of a new era in campaign financing. Again, New York, USA was the deciding factor, and Harrison carried the day. In 1892, however, after four years of Republican leadership, Cleveland won against Harrison, who had alienated ethnic voters in the Midwest, possibly due to his support for temperance. Cleveland became the only president to come back from defeat and be re-elected after losing the office.

      Watchdog in the White House

      Cleveland did not see himself as an activist president with his own agenda to pursue, but rather as a guardian or watchdog of Congress. While several important pieces of legislation were passed during his terms, most notably legislation controlling the railroads and legislation distributing land to Native Americans, Cleveland was not the initiator of any of them. He also had to deal with the most severe depression the nation had yet suffered. By 1894, the nation had an 18 percent unemployment rate. When 150, 000 railroad workers organized the Pullman Car workers' strike in Illinois, Cleveland decided to get a federal injunction and then to crush the strike and arrest its leaders. In this instance, he tilted toward capital and away from labor. For this decision, he took a great deal of criticism at the time and later from historians.

      Meanwhile, thousands of Midwestern workers known as "Coxey's Army" tramped toward Washington to demand government action to relieve the economic hardships of war veterans and the unemployed, which Cleveland declined to give. Cleveland blamed the country's economic problems on the Sherman Silver Purchasing Act that was passed during the Harrison administration. The president's attempt to repeal the act split the Democratic Party and his failure to deal with the depression ensured Republican victory in the congressional elections of 1894. Cleveland left office in 1896 feeling betrayed by his own party.

      Inconsistent, Dangerous and Important Actions

      In his opposition to temperance, Cleveland won the support of the Irish, German, and eastern European voters who migrated to the U. S. by the tens of thousands in the 1880s. Cleveland was inconsistent in his attitude toward race issues, however. Although he spoke out against injustices being perpetuated toward the Chinese in the West, he agreed with the South's reluctance to treat African Americans as equals socially or politically. He felt that Native Americans should be assimilated into white society as quickly as possible, through parental guidance from the government in the form of education and private land grants. Finally, though he was careful not to alienate women by speaking out against women's suffrage, he never supported women's right to vote.

      Cleveland's foreign policy emphasized opposition to territorial expansion and entangling alliances. His behavior was inconsistent, however, and he took a dangerous position when a dispute arose with Germany over Samoa. He took a similar strategy with respect to Hawaii, where he felt U. S. sugar planters had conspired in the Hawaiian revolution. His most controversial action was his interference in a boundary dispute between Venezuela and Great Britain; believing that the English were violating the Monroe Doctrine, Cleveland actually threatened war against England. While historians continue to debate his stance, the affair brought the Monroe doctrine back to life as the basis of U. S. foreign policy in South America.

      End of Bachelorhood

      After his first two years in office as a bachelor president, Cleveland announced his marriage to his twenty-two-year-old ward, Francis Folsom, the daughter of his former law partner. The press had a field day satirizing the relationship between the old bachelor and the recent Wells graduate, who quickly became the most popular first lady since Dolly Madison. Frances adhered to the prevailing ideal that separated the private lives of women from the public lives of men. Respecting the wishes of her Husband, she never used her popularity to advance the political causes of her day, such as social reform and women's suffrage.

      Cleveland will be remembered for protecting the power and autonomy of the executive branch by refusing to cooperate with Congress in fights over presidential appointments. His record-breaking use of the presidential veto as the "guardian president" enabled him to establish equilibrium between the executive and legislative branches. Hard-working, honest, and independent, Cleveland nevertheless had no real vision for the future; at most historians tend to see his presidency as a preface to the emergence of the modern presidency that began with William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt.

      Impact and Legacy

      Historians do not rank Grover Cleveland as a great president. As a party leader, the consensus is that he achieved mixed results at best. He strengthened the Democratic Party outside of its traditional hold in the South by linking it to civil service reform. On the other hand, his stubborn enmity toward the silverites and agrarian populists nearly split the Democratic Party and contributed to its defeat in 1896. He distanced himself from party machines by insisting that the president had a special relationship with the people that superseded any obligation to party workers. This was a concept of the presidency as monarchical if not imperial. He viewed the cabinet as his privy council rather than as a party council representative of the leadership of the Democratic Party. Not opposed to using patronage, he insisted that the appointed Democrats be qualified and honest.

      Although not a great president, Cleveland almost single-handedly restored and strengthened the power and autonomy of the executive branch. He did this by his use of executive privilege in refusing to hand over department files to Congress in the fight over presidential appointments. No president prior to Richard M. Nixon had ever made such an extreme assertion of executive privilege in peacetime. His record-breaking use of the presidential veto enabled him to reestablish the equilibrium between the executive and legislative branches that served as a precedent-setting example of presidential power. Equally important, Cleveland laid claim to a strong presidency in ways that had long-lasting impact. He left an imprint on the presidency through asserting executive authority in a number of areas: calling out federal troops during the Pullman strike, sending warships to Panama, and threatening Great Britain with war over the Venezuelan boundary dispute.

      In comparison to Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt, and Franklin Roosevelt, Cleveland comes across as much more racially intolerant. He is also seen as a president who inconsistently used his power and as a man with little national agenda in foreign affairs. In the final analysis, Cleveland failed to think in terms of leadership rather than command. He had no real vision for the future. In his mind, it was enough for him to be hard working, honest, and independent. These are virtues in a small town mayor, perhaps, and necessary attributes in a president in times of political corruption-but no real basis for greatness in an era of severe economic depression, massive voter realignment, populist insurgency, and increasing prominence on the world scene. At the most, historians tend to see Cleveland's presidency as an essential preface to the emergence of the modern presidency that began with William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt.

      Grover Cleveland's Obituary
      [From page 1 of The New York, USA Times, June 25, 1908]

      Succumbs to a Heart Attack in His Princeton Home After Seeming to Rally.


      Only Others in the Death Room Were Dr. Bryant and Two Other Physicians.


      Sent Days Ago to New Hampshire, Not Knowing That the End Was Near.


      President, Governor, and Mayor Issue Proclamations of Regret.


      Mr. Roosevelt to be There, but Mrs. Cleveland, In Her Grief, Forbids Any Display.
      Born. March 15, 1837
      Made Asst. Dist. Atty. of Erie. January, 1863
      Defeated for Dist. Atty. November, 1865
      Elected Sheriff of Erie. November, 1871
      Elected Mayor of Buffalo. November, 1881
      Elected Governor of New York, USA. November, 1882
      Nominated for Presidency. July 8, 1884
      Elected President. Nov., 1884
      First term began. March 4, 1885
      Married Frances Folsom. June 2, 1886
      Defeated for re-election. November, 1888
      Re-elected President. November, 1982 [sic. ]
      Second term began. March 4, 1893
      Wrote Venezuelan Message. December 17, 1895
      Second term expired. March 4, 1897
      Died. June 24, 1908

      Special to the New York, USA Times.

      PRINCETON, N. J., June 24. - Grover Cleveland, twice President of the USA, died at 8:30 o'clock this morning at his home here, with his Wife at his bedside. The only others in the sick chamber, besides the nurse were his friend of long standing, Dr. Joseph D. Bryant, and two other physicians. His children were away at the Cleveland New England home, Tamworth, N. H.
      The end came unexpectedly to the general public and to the former President's hosts of friends as well. Its announcement has thrown the Nation into mourning and created profound sorrow in the little university town where he had lived quietly with his family and his books since he withdrew from public life. All day messages attesting their keen regret have poured in here from every part of the country.
      Mr. Cleveland having been in ill-health since last Fall, the hurried arrival of the three physicians at the family home late yesterday gave rise to fears that his illness had taken a serious turn. Mrs. Cleveland set all misgivings at rest by a statement in which she declared her Husband safely on the road to recovery.
      Failure of the heart's action following complications of pulminary thrombosis and oedema, is given as the immediate cause of death by Dr. Bryant, who came here from New York, USA on Tuesday.
      For many years Mr. Cleveland had been a victim of severe gastric attacks and a sufferer from rheumatic gout, ailments which, according to his physicians, induced the attack of heart weakness to which he succumbed. With Mrs. Cleveland and Dr. Bryant in the death chamber were Dr. R. L. Lockwood of New York, USA and Dr. J. M. Carnochan of Princeton. Mr. Cleveland's four surviving children, Esther, aged 14; Marion, 12; Richard, 10; and Francis Grover, 5, are at the Cleveland Summer home in New Hampshire with Mrs. Cleveland's mother.
      When it was found that the ex-President would be a long time convalescing from the serious illness which gave his friends so much alarm this Spring, the children were sent to the Summer home Mr. Cleveland built two years ago at Tamworth, N. H. Esther and Richard were summoned after their Father's death, and are expected here to-morrow.

      Messages from Everywhere.

      Scarcely had the announcement gone forth that Mr. Cleveland had passed away before the telegraph offices here were swamped with messages bearing expressions of condolence and sympathy to Mrs. Cleveland. In a peculiar degree these messages bore evidence of the profound sorrow aroused by the death tidings and how great was the esteem in which the departed former Executive of the Nation was held, and how wide was the circle of his admirers.
      One of the first messages was from President Roosevelt, who had been informed of Mr. Cleveland's death through a telegram sent by Mrs. Cleveland shortly after her Husband passed away. Mrs. Cleveland also sent a message to Secretary Taft. The Secretary of War had not been heard from at a late hour.
      The first public knowledge of Mr. Cleveland's death came in a statement signed by Drs. Bryant, Lockwood, and Carnochan. Dr. Bryant, later in the day, amplified this with a further statement in which he said that up to within twenty-four hours of death the ex-President was in the same condition in which he had been for the last few days, a very sick man, but that there was no real cause for alarm until twenty-four hours ago, when he had a severe attack of heart failure. After that time there were intermittent spells of consciousness. Death was due to a sudden attack of heart weakness.
      Beyond the scant announcement as to his death, all details regarding Mr. Cleveland's illness and his last hours were denied to newspaper correspondents who called at the house of mourning. Mrs. Cleveland, it was said, was averse to any publicity regarding the scene at the deathbed.
      The ex-President passed his last hours in a large room on the second floor of the Cleveland residence, which he had occupied as a bedroom since his return from Lakewood about three weeks ago. Connected with this bedroom in the rear of the house was a large study, where Mr. Cleveland, when not confined to his bed, pored over his books and did his literary work.

      A Sudden Turn for the Worse.

      Mr. Cleveland suffered his first attack of heart failure at 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon. Mrs. Cleveland was hastily summoned by Miss Deckler, the trained nurse. She found the patient in such a grave condition that she at once summoned Drs. Bryant and Lockwood from New York, USA. Both physicians arrived on the 4:24 train yesterday afternoon. By this time Mr. Cleveland, although still in a very serious condition, had rallied from his first attack, and this undoubtedly led to the optimistic statement made last night by Mrs. Cleveland.
      This statement had scarcely been given to the press, however, before Mr. Cleveland suffered a relapse. This second attack, while not as severe as the first, found him in a weak and nervous condition, with his strength spent in fighting off the first stroke. It soon became apparent that the patient was in an extremely critical condition. At this juncture Dr. Carnochan, the local family physician, was hurriedly sent for.
      The three physicians labored over the distinguished sufferer for several hours, but he failed to rally in response to their ministrations. At times he lapsed into unconsciousness, then came back to a realization of what was going on about him, but was very weak. He turned faintly on his bed and talked incoherently in a voice so faint that it was impossible at times to distinguish his words. He seemed to suffer intensely from his heart.

      His Final Hours.

      Mrs. Cleveland's apartments are directly across the hall from the rooms her Husband occupied, but she was in the sick room most of the night watching the efforts of the three physicians to save her Husband. It was not until midnight that it became apparent to the three physicians that their patient was a dying man.
      From midnight on Mr. Cleveland lingered in a semi-comatose condition, with only the brief intervals of consciousness, until the end came at 8:40 o'clock this morning.
      Mrs. Cleveland is bearing up well under her loss. Immediately after her Husband's death she wrote to her mother, Mrs. Perrine, who had to break to the four children the sad news that they had lost their Father. Mrs. Cleveland then asked that Prof. Andrew F. West and Prof. John D. Hibbins, both of Princeton and intimate friends and neighbors of the family, be sent for. Later in the day they were joined by Mr. and Mrs. Richard Watson Gilder of New York, USA and President Finley of the City College and by Cleveland F. Bacon, a New York, USA Lawyer, who is a nephew of the dead statesman. To-night they are at the Cleveland residence rendering all assistance in their power to the bereaved widow.
      While the announcement of Mr. Cleveland's death had already sped over the wires across the continent and ocean, Princeton was yet in ignorance of the sad event within its gates. It was not until long after the instruments in the telegraph offices had commenced to spell out the story of praise and homage to his memory that the neighbors of the departed statesman became aware that Princeton had lost its most distinguished citizen.

      Town Long in Ignorance.

      It was only when the undertaker's wagon was driven up to the Cleveland home that Princeton got to know. Then all at once it became evident how much the former President was thought of in the community he had selected for his home at the expiration of this second term in the White House.
      Flags at half mast are to be seen everywhere, and for a while immediately after the news was generally known the ordinary activities of the day halted.
      Announcement was made to-night fixing on the hour of the funeral for 5 o'clock on Friday afternoon. It was announced that the funeral would be strictly private, and in order to make this more emphatic the two words had been underlined in the typewritten announcement.
      President and Mrs. Roosevelt will be in attendance.
      It was said by a friend of the family that Mrs. Cleveland, in screening from the public gaze the closing scenes of life which in a very real sense had belonged to the public, was deferring to the wishes of her dead Husband, who intensely disliked ostentation and display.
      Mr. Cleveland will be laid at rest in Princeton Cemetery, in a Plot where his daughter, Ruth, who died two years ago, lies buried.
      Over 1, 000 messages of sympathy and condolence have been received. They came from all parts of the country and from all classes and conditions of men.

      Messages of Condolences.

      Mrs. Cleveland declined to permit the publication of but a few of the hundreds of messages of condolence which are reaching her from all parts of the country, but to-night she issued a statement containing the names of those who had sent them. Here is a partial list:
      Governor Ansel of South Carolina, Chief Justice Melville W. Fuller of the USA Supreme Court, Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Carnegie, Secretary of State John S. Whalen, Albany; Joseph Jefferson, Buzzard's Bay; Townsend Hildreth, Warner Colwell, St Louis; J. G. Phelps Stokes, Whitelaw Reid, John Hays Hammond, New York, USA Supreme Court Justice Charles Truax, W. R. Steinway, New York, USA; Gen. John W. Wilson, U. S. A; Judson Harmon, Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio, USA; State Controller Martin H. Glynn, Albany; Thomas P. Egan, William H. Truesdale, R. D. Evans, George M. Eckels, ex-Justice Morgan J. O'Brien, Charles W. Goodyear, New York, USA; George H. Morgan, Lenox, Mass.; George S. Wood, Plattsburg, New York, USA; Herbert S. Saterlee, David H. Sickels, Atlanta, Ga.; H. B. Hollins, New York, USA; Francis Lynde Stetson, New York, USA; Mr. and Mrs. George Westinghouse, Eugene T. Chamberlain, New York, USA; Alton B. Parker, Governor John Franklin Fort of New Jersey, USA, USA Senator George N. Culberson of Texas, USA, John S. Wise, Governor Glenn of North Carolina, Secretary of Commerce and Labor Oscar F. Straus, Avery B. Andrews, New York, USA; C. W. Bangs, New York, USA; Henry E. Russell, Boston; the Reverend Dr. Henry Van Dyke, Mayor McClellan, Paul Mordon, St Clair McKelway, Governor E. G. McAlpin, Melville E. Stone, Hen. and Mrs. Stewart B. Woodford, Patrick Calhoun, New York, USA; Isidore Straus, C. C. Cuyler, New York, USA.
      Paul D. Cravath, Vice President Fairbanks, Nicholas Murray Butler, A. R. McClure, Admiral Schley, Col. William Jay, New York, USA; Mayor Reyburn of Philadelphia, John D. Crimmins, New York, USA; Secretary of the Treasury George Bruce Cortelyou, the Reverend Dr. George H. Lorimer of Philadelphia, New York, USA Supreme Court Justice A. L. Erlanger, William B. Hornblower, New York, USA; ex-Secretary of the Treasury Charles S. Fairchild, George Peabody Wetmore, John G. Milburn, Henry Marquand of New York, USA, J. G. Hemphill, Charleston, S. C.; James G. Blaine, New York, USA; ex-Secretary of State Richard Olney, Boston.


      Ex-President Had Been in Poor Health for Many Months.
      Last Winter Mr. Cleveland kept close to his home in Princeton until the approach of his birthday, when he went to Lakewood with his family. Up to the time of his going to Lakewood he had attended to correspondence in connection with his work for the Equitable. After he went to Lakewood, however, he discontinued that work, and it soon became known that Mr. Cleveland was suffering from an attack of digestive trouble which he had experienced many times before. Mr. Cleveland was attended by Dr. Joseph B. Bryant of this city, and Dr. George R. Lockwood, a specialist in lung disorders, was called in consultation.
      On May 1 a report became current, said to have come from one of the officers of the Equitable Life Assurance Society, that Mr. Cleveland was suffering from cancer of the stomach. This was promptly denied by Mr. Parker, the secretary of the Trustees of the Equitable Society, who afterward acted for Mrs. Cleveland in issuing statements as to the condition of the ex-President. Mr. Parker said that Mr. Cleveland was suffering from one of the periodical attacks of stomach trouble, and that was all.
      Mr. Cleveland remained at Lakewood for several weeks, and constant reports of improvement in his condition were issued from the hotel. About a month ago he had sufficiently recovered to be taken to his home in Princeton, making the journey in an automobile.


      News Reached Them Late - Sons Will Not Be at Funeral.
      TAMWORTH, N. H., June 24. - Although the death of ex-President Cleveland at Princeton occurred before 9 o'clock to-day no word of it was received at the Cleveland Summer home here until nearly 2 P. M. News of his death was telephoned to the Manager of the Cleveland place, but he refused to make it known to the household. He explained that there had been so many rumors concerning Mr. Cleveland's condition that he would not communicate with the members of the household until he had received definite word from Princeton. These, he said, were his instructions.
      Mrs. H. E. Perrine, Mrs. Cleveland's mother, is at the Cleveland home with the four children - Esther, Marion, Richard, and Francis. The home is in an isolated district, far from the railway and telegraph lines, and the only telephone in the vicinity is that in the house of the Farm Manager, W. H. Cook. Three miles away is the Village of Tamworth, seven miles distant that of West Ossipp, and the only means of communication between the Cleveland home and these places is by team.
      Mrs. Perrine received the announcement of Mr. Cleveland's death by long-distance telephone from Princeton. The news was communicated also to Albert Boyden, a close friend of the Cleveland family, whose estate adjoins. The message of death came as a great shock both to the children

  • Sources 
    1. [S206] Hyde Genealogy Descendants in the Female as Well as in the Male Lines by Reuben Hyde Walworth, Reuben Hyde Walworth, (Date: 1864;).

    2. [S167] FindAGrave, (Name:;).
      Record for Ruth Cleveland

    3. [S167] FindAGrave, (Name:;).
      Record for Rev Richard Falley Cleveland

    4. [S32] 1900 USA Federal Census, taken June 1, 1900.